India currently has an extreme youth power, so is the strong workforce. Not only this, but the mushrooming businesses and flourishing start-ups are also on their zenith, giving working opportunities to the youth. In these increasing competitions among the organizations and companies, the employees are burdened with the workload and targets. Still, at the very same time, they are unaware of their rights while working for any such companies.
Though the companies are themselves expected to educate their employees about their rights; however, employees in India are hardly aware of their professional rights, nor do the organizations take any pain to inform their employees about their rights.
Top 5 Employees’ Rights in India
Learn about the top 5 employees’ rights in India, which have been carved out of the constitution for the right and protection of the employees.
1. Right to Keep the Signed Documents
Be it the contract copy or the terms & conditions papers related to your job roles, you must keep a copy of all the signed documents of the same organization where you are currently working. It is hard to remember how many papers you really sign in your total career span, so keep a copy of each document you sign for your professional assignments. Most of the people get satisfied just after taking on their offer letter and appointments letters from their current companies but folks, this is not all.
2. Maternity Benefits Bill 2017
Maternity benefits were introduced in 1961 to extend the feasible benefits during the pregnancy period of the female employees to take care of herself and her baby. Later on, this article was amended, adding several benefits for the women employees. Now, this bill has become a guarding hand for women employees during their pregnancy period. According to this bill, the women employees are liable to get 12 to 26 week of fully paid absence from their professional assignments. Facilitating the expecting mother with Work from Home facilities, crèche facilities, paid leaves, early leaving and paid leaves for doctors’ appointments /medical assistance are the most common rights of the women employees in India Under this bill.
3. The Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923
These acts are enacted to provide financial protection to the employees and their dependents during the time of medical issues/accidents/injuries which demands medical support. Most of the companies hide these rights from their employees but knowing it may benefit you when you need.
4. Right to Get the Gratuity
Under the bills of payment of gratuity act 1972, Gratuity is an amount considered as retirement benefits for the employees working in private organization and companies. This amount is paid to the employees at the time of their retirement, death, Voluntary retirement, resignation or in case of termination. Any organization having ten or more employees has to pay the Gratuity to their employees at the time of detachment. The Gratuity is applicable for the employees who have served an organization not less than a year. The amount of Gratuity is as the last drawn salary multiplied by the years of service. If your organization doesn’t pay you the Gratuity, the employer can be penalized with six months of jail. This is a strict law that is practised under Indian Employees laws.
5. Right to Speak against Sexual Harassment at Workplace
Sexual harassment of women at workplace prohibition act 2013 powers the women employees to protect themselves from sexual harassments at their workplace. Interestingly, this law protects both men and women from sexual harassments at their workplace. There are stringent rules outlined by the constitution for the protection for the sexual rights of the employees.
Be a smart employee and know your rights so you can make the right call at the right time. Being informed about your rights and duties both are equally important for you. You can also search for some other employees’ rights such as EPF laws and equal pay for the equivalent work etc. to protect your rights at the workplace.